What Causes Acne?

In fact, the exact cause of acne is unknown. Despite the continual and numerous study and research that has be done until today, nothing has actually been isolated as a primary or crucial cause for acne development. Regardless of this fact, researchers have come to some basic conclusions, they broke down some myths on what kind of risk factors are involved and what leads to acne growth.

According to certain experts, the primary causes of acne are hormones and genetics, although this simply can not be held as a typical cause for every individual case.

These are 9 recognized and well known causes that leads to acne breakouts.

1. Hormones

During puberty, human body produces hormones known as androgens. Androgens are actually a group of closely related hormones that are responsible for growth and development in girls and boys body equally. Young boys usually tend to produce more of this hormones especially testosterone (the main mail hormone) so that is way they are more likely to have severe, long-term acne.  Androgens are also essential for the development of acne in young girls.

Beside androgens, female hormones estrogen and progesterone play less important roles in this process. At the same time young girls might have repeated or sporadic acne breakouts all the way to adulthood because of hormonal changes and cosmetic treatments.

Conclusion: high level of androgens in teenagers stimulate sebaceous glands to grow and overproduce sebum that causes clogged skin pores with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. The result is inflammation and acne breakout.

Also, hormonal changes and variations that comes with menstrual cycle and pregnancy, or even menopause can also cause acne breakout. The usage of birth control pills (either at the beginning or ending) can trigger some hormonal imbalances or fluctuations which can lead to acne breakout as well.

2. Genetics or heredity

This is another factor that creates possibility to develop acne. Coming from medical point of view acne is not an inherited disease but it still can be inherited from parents. Latest scientific studies by a number of experts in this particular subject have revealed that a link can be found among those currently dealing with acne and the presence of acne in their family history. Usually, acne is much more common in those teenagers whose parents previously had or even now have acne compared to those those who do not.

3. Medications

Certain medications (antidepressants, anti anxiety medicines, lithium, barbiturates and some types of steroids ) with unwanted side effects can lead to acne breakout.

4. Heavy or oily cosmetics

The ingredients in some cosmetic products can affect the structure of hair follicles by leading to overproduction of sebum, which causes clogged skin pores as we mentioned before.

5. Over-abrasive cleansing

Without doubt, some astringent facial products can dry out the skin. That activates the body to compensate by overproduction of sebum. Also, using the harsh exfoliators can damage already existing spots and spread infection.

6. Pressure from helmets or hats, backpacks, tight clothing

Any kind of pressure against the skin, such as wearing hats or helmets, or when a backpack is pressing against shoulders, can easily cause an irritation and acne breakout. Also wearing tight clothing triggers the same reaction.

7. Environmental irritants

Certain chemical substances that are present in environment like a garage or a factory can cause acne breakout as well. If the skin is exposed to particular oils  for a longer period of time, it can clog up skin pores and cause irritation. Any kind of pollution can certainly have the same effect on the skin.

8. Picking or squeezing

It’s advisable to avoid picking or squeezing blackheads and/or whiteheads because it might cause infection and move deeper into the skin. The result can be acne scarring.

9. Diet

Although there is no food known as a direct cause of acne, it’s been confirmed that specific diet can contribute to acne breakouts. On the other hand a healthy and well balanced eating habits will definitely improve your overall health and eventually help you get clearer skin.