As a matter of fact we still don’t know exactly what causes acne. Until today number of studies and researches were conducted, but nothing is isolated as a primary cause for acne development. However, researchers have come to some basic conclusions. Also they broke down some myths on what kind of risk factors are involved and what leads to acne growth.
According to certain experts, the primary causes of acne are hormones and genetics. Ont he other hand this simply can not be a typical cause for every individual case.
Myths and misconceptions on what causes acne
During puberty, human body produces hormones known as androgens. Androgens are actually a group of closely related hormones responsible for growth and development in girls and boys body equally. Young boys usually tend to produce more of this hormones especially testosterone (the main mail hormone). Because of this they are more likely to have severe, long-term acne. Androgens are also essential for the development of acne in young girls.
Beside androgens, female hormones estrogen and progesterone play less important roles in this process. At the same time young girls could experience sporadic acne breakouts all the way to adulthood. This is due to hormonal changes and cosmetic treatments.
Conclusion: high level of androgens in teenagers stimulate sebaceous glands to grow and overproduce sebum. It causes clogged skin pores with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. The result is inflammation and acne breakout.
Also, hormonal changes and variations that comes with menstrual cycle and pregnancy, or even menopause can also cause acne. Using birth control pills can trigger some hormonal imbalances or fluctuations which can lead to acne breakout as well.
2. Genetics or heredity
This is another factor that creates possibility to develop acne. From a medical point of view acne is not an inherited disease but still you can inherit it from parents. Latest scientific studies in this particular subject are revealing that a link can be present among those currently dealing with acne and the presence of acne in their family history. Usually, acne is much more common in teenagers whose parents previously had acne compared to those those who did not.
Certain medications (antidepressants, anti anxiety medicines, lithium, barbiturates and some types of steroids ) with unwanted side effects can lead to acne breakout.
4. Heavy or oily cosmetics
The ingredients in some cosmetic products can affect the structure of hair follicles by leading to overproduction of sebum. This is what causes acne becasuse of the clogged skin pores as we mentioned before.
5. Over-abrasive cleansing
Without doubt, some astringent facial products can dry out the skin. That activates the body to compensate by overproduction of sebum. Also, using the harsh exfoliatorscan damage already existing spots and spread infection.
6. Pressure from helmets or hats, backpacks, tight clothing
Any kind of pressure against the skin, such as wearing hats or helmets, or when a backpack is pressing against shoulders, can easily cause an irritation and acne breakout. Also wearing tight clothing triggers the same reaction.
7. Environmental irritants
Certain chemical substances that are present in environment like a garage or a factory can cause acne breakout as well. Exposing your skin to particular oils for a longer period of time can clog up skin pores and cause irritation. Any kind of pollution can certainly have the same effect on the skin.
8. Picking or squeezing
It’s advisable to avoid picking or squeezing blackheads and/or whiteheads because it might cause infection and move deeper into the skin. The result can be acne scarring.
Experts says that there is no food directly causing acne. However, they say that specific diet can contribute to acne breakouts. On the other hand a healthy and well balanced eating habits will definitely improve your overall health. Furthermore it will eventually help you get clearer skin.
Hopefully, we have clarified the main factors and some myths and misconceptions on what causes acne.